Decades efforts against racism in the United States
As a multi-ethnic, multicultural and fast-growing nation, the United States of America has become one of the world’s leading developed nations. But besides development, the United States faces a dilemma racist status.
For decades, the status racism, especially the stigma of white Americans against the African American community is quite intense and in danger of breaking out into violence.
Therefore, the authorities have a solution to eliminate the situation. Typically, after the civil war (from 1861 – 1865) ended, the US Congress passed the 13th Amendment, officially abolishing slavery.
By 1964, the Civil Rights Act was passed by the US government. Under the content of this law, all racial discrimination, color, origin, sex are illegal.
Next, Jim Crow’s law was gradually repealed in the following years. Previously, this law was applied in many states in the South of the United States from the late 19th century to the mid-1960s to stipulate the division of schools, restaurants, even WC into places reserved for Colored or white people.
US officials hope these efforts will be able to gradually eliminate racist ideology in the country.
Not only authorities, human rights activists also work against racism in the United States. The most famous is Martin Luther King Jr., an African-American human rights activist who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He is one of the most influential leaders in US history as well as the calendar. Contemporary history of nonviolent movement.
Martin Luther King Jr. organized many large-scale marches with the participation of thousands of people of all colors and ethnicities.
After a march in Washington, DC in 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. there is a lifetime speech “I have a dream”.
“I had a dream, and one day in the red hills of Georgia, the slave’s son and the slave’s son would sit down together at the table of fraternity … I had a dream , one day my four young children will live in a country where they are no longer judged by their skin color, but by their personality, “part of a speech by Martin Luther King Jr.
Speech and activities of Martin Luther King Jr. show that many Americans strive to eliminate racism towards a fair and diverse society. However, he was assassinated on April 4, 1968 when he was about to leave the hotel to lead a march in support of the union of black sanitation workers in Memphis.
To date, racism and ideology have not been completely eradicated in the United States. This incident has divided the United States when there exists a dull discord between whites and blacks and occasionally erupts into bloody, mourning riots.