Cutaneous cyst


#Cutaneous #cyst

a skin cyst or skin cyst it is a lump that appears on the surface of the skin. Visible and palpable, it can be located anywhere on the body.

  • Varieties of cutaneous cyst

  • Diagnosis of cutaneous cyst

  • Skin cyst treatment

  • Advice on skin cyst

Varieties of cutaneous cyst

exist many variants of skin cysts. Among the most common include synovial cysts, formed from the synovial membranes that surround the joints; epidermoid cysts that develop in the superficial layer of the skin, and, of course, sebaceous cysts, which are found mainly in the form of acne and sebaceous glands that secrete sebum, the lubricating material for the skin.

But there are many other types of cysts. For example, the following may be mentioned: mucoid cysts, whose structure is close to the walls lining organs, such as the gastrointestinal tract or lung; enteroid cysts whose structure resembles that of the intestine, or the pilonidal cyst that develop from the hair.

Diagnosis of cutaneous cyst

The diagnosis is clinical. The cyst is visible and easily palpable. A puncture can be performed in case of doubt to eliminate the possibility of a cancerous tumor. An ultrasound can also help determine the nature of the cyst.

Skin cyst treatment

The treatment depends on the type of cyst and its cause. When cysts are benign and produce no symptoms – which is by far the most frequent case – no treatment is necessary. When there is any discomfort or doubt about the nature of the cyst, treatment usually involves monitoring its progress or performing surgical removal.

Advice on skin cyst

In fact, most skin cysts are removed by aesthetic reasons or because they are located in a friction zone. It is a quick surgical intervention, usually performed under general or local anesthesia, depending on the size of the cyst. Sebaceous and epidermal cysts usually disappear on their own or sometimes through the application of a local antibiotic.

Photo: © Maridav – Shutterstock.com

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