Alan Turing, a prominent British mathematician, who helped decode the Nazi Enigma coding system, and later laid the foundation for the computer science that is about to be remembered by appearing on New £ 50 Papers, UK bank just announced. The bill will go into circulation in the UK by 2021.
Turing was originally a decoder at Bletchley Park during World War II. Thanks to him, the Enigma machine was deciphered and favored allies. He later created "Turing Test" to determine if an artificial intelligence system or a machine could behave like a human. But his life ended in an unjust way. He was found guilty of being indecent because he was gay in March 1953. He committed suicide a year later, but it was not until 2009 that he was declared innocent.
Apply for permission to quote Mr. Nam Air's article: “Enigma is a German-made typewriter, capable of creating 159 million million (18 zero) different encodings to encode the words it writes. Every day the Germans changed a different coding command, starting from 0pm, to 6am, the Allied intelligence would get the telegram encoded and transmitted, so they had 18 hours to decode that function.
According to Alan Turing, if 10 people try each Enigma's encryption algorithm, work 24/7, it will take 20 million years to decipher a crypto, while they only have up to 18 hours. for each picture only. Therefore, Alan decided to create a superior machine than Enigma, capable of interfering with unnecessary algorithms to find the exact key, to decipher the secret code immediately, and he became public! ”
Mark Carney, the Governor of the Bank of England, introduced the 50-pound bill at the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, saying: "Alan Turing is a brilliant mathematician, with studies that have had a tremendous impact on the way we live today. The father of computer science and artificial intelligence, and a war hero, Alan Turing's contributions are both groundbreaking and far-reaching. He also left an extremely important legacy. We are truly fortunate to live in this period, with laws and movements aimed at gender equality, people can be themselves without fear. ”
In 2018, the committee in charge of selecting faces to print on British coins agreed to select the 50-sheet to remember the breakthroughs in science. Then this committee had 6 weeks for the British to select the worthy faces. As a result, among the 989 faces voted by the British people, they shortened it to a list of 12 names for bank governor Carney to choose the last name. There were equally prominent names: Mary Anning, Paul Dirac, Rosaline Franklin, and Stephen Hawking as well.
The new 50-pound polymer sheet will portray a portrait of Alan Turing, Elliott & Fry in 1951. This portrait is still hanging at the National Portrait Gallery in London, England. Beside Turing, Turing is a formula table of the material studied by Turing in 1936, laying the foundation for modern computer science.