Center for Strategic and Budgetary Evaluation (CSBA), an independent, nonprofit group of experts, based in Washington, DC, specializing in US defense policy, force planning and budget, just released the report “Identifying Weaknesses in Military Power” which is globalizing China.
The report cites research by scholars Cheng Yi Wei of Fudan University in Shanghai and Zhang Jian Hoanh of Peking University that, in order to reach the sea, to exercise naval power to compete. for the United States, Chinese policymakers need to ensure that Beijing’s relations with its neighbors are peaceful.
According to them, friendly relations with China’s neighbors on one side (the continent) will help Beijing devote more resources and attention to the other (at sea). Cooperation with Russia and an uneasy peace with India since the end of the Cold War have allowed China to invest in maritime and aerospace capabilities designed largely for the case. unusual in the Western Pacific.
Chinese scholars over the past two decades have assumed that no serious domestic threat created an unprecedented opportunity in modern Chinese history to develop sea power.
Liu Zhongyuan, professor at Shanghai University of International Studies, said: The security environment on the northwest and southwestern land borders is most favorable since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, if do not mean history. This has created a relatively favorable strategic period for China to focus on developing maritime power. But Chinese commentators suspect that China’s emerging maritime power can still trigger dissident geopolitical reactions.
For example, Professor Ngo Chinh Vu of the People’s University warns that China’s development of maritime power could provoke great resistance by the United States, China’s leading naval power, and its neighbors. on land and at sea. He fears that such “double pressure” could undermine China’s rise, just as similar burdens have deflected the ambitions of other land-sea powers in the past. In order to alleviate that potential tension, some scholars have proposed to develop “limited sea power” to reassure the US and its neighbors that Beijing does not nurture ambitions to counterbalance. While it was unclear what that maritime power would be in terms of force structure and capabilities, they called for building a naval force that made it clear that China did not want to contend for global hegemony.
Wu argued that a version of the Chinese navy designed to protect the global community and carry out “international police” missions could convince the United States of China’s good intentions. Still others believe that China’s best policy in the face of the “two-headed enemy” challenge is to secure friendly relations with Russia, by far the most powerful country bordering China. Trinh Nghia Vi said: In the process of building China’s “maritime power”, this country needs to ensure a good and long-term stable relationship with Russia, the strongest neighboring power. While China has many land neighbors, only Russia is capable of truly threatening China. As long as China resolves to commit to its strongest neighbor on land, China can avoid the worst case scenario in the geopolitical security environment, which is under pressure from both above and above. sea.
Trinh remarks that the success of China’s maritime strategy – to create the most powerful maritime power in East Asia – is closely linked with the strategic rear on land. Beijing can minimize the opportunity cost of facing the sea by keeping relations with Russia firm. In fact, Russia has played a large role in countering “security pressures that the United States can force China to bear from the sea side.”