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Chernobyl: The scientific "beads" of the series are praised by many brothers


Now that review Chernobyl, you will throw bricks instead of agreeing, because it has been for months already, from the beginning of May to the beginning of June is the last episode. Just one day after the release of all five episodes, Chernobyl of American director Craig Mazin and studio Sister Pictures became the highest-rated TV series on IMDb, surpassing other very quality series like Band of Brothers. , Breaking Bad or Game of Thrones. The series itself is not a documentary, so there are lots of details written by the director and director Craig Mazin to add salt, or remove it to focus on the main plot.




A reporter in The New York Times wrote: “The first thing to understand about the HBO Chernobyl series, is that a lot of the details are thought out, not close to history. But more importantly, it doesn't matter. ”Despite the scenario of adding salt sauce, it is still praised for keeping abreast of history, describing perfectly the stuffy, frightening atmosphere when people run. Race against time to stop disaster for the whole continent. Most importantly, this series is clear on a key issue, Chernobyl became a terrible catastrophe because of lies and hiding facts, not because nuclear energy is scary.



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The director himself, Craig Mazin, also said this, Chernobyl is not a series used to warn humans about the dangers of atomic energy, but the lesson is deceitful, arrogant and trying to obscure the information. The most dangerous thing.

However, while drawing a narrative story, telling exactly what happened, Chernobyl still caused millions of people to panic because of the possibility of the human body's destruction of radioactivity used in bars. fuel in nuclear power plants. The thing that most haunts the viewer is probably the unrecognizable deformed body of the firefighters, whose power plant workers have not died when the explosion occurred. A Vanity Fair reporter wrote that, “Two weeks after watching it, I still couldn't stop being obsessed with it. The thing that stays in my head is the most pitiful people who are radiated by the radiation, the cells are destroyed painfully. ”



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Perhaps, the most well-developed character of the entire series is not entirely human, as manager Anatoly Dyatlov, scientist Valery Legasov or Soviet vice-chairman Boris Shcherbina. Instead, new nuclear radiation is something written by Craig Mazin for a terrifying development. In the 5-hour episode of 1 hour, the nature, the ability of radioactivity to be pulled out, was measured in both words from scientists and images of ill-fated victims. It became an invisible demon who was all frightened. People accidentally forget that it is the human error that leads to this tragic disaster.

So, in scientific terms, what are the points of Chernobyl not right?

In an interview when Chernobyl was released, director Craig Mazin said that his miniseries would be the most realistic. "I want things to be less dramatic, and don't want to tell a story with emotion." In fact, at the first episode, Chernobyl had crossed this line, hitting the viewers' feelings directly. At the end of episode 2, three employees of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant had a heroic act, volunteering to enter the basement to flush out the radioactive contaminated water inside, after Shcherbina convinced them. In fact, these three men were the personnel of a power plant in a shift when the Ukrainians began a campaign to prevent molten young men from causing a serious explosion if nuclear fuel punctured the floor and touched. Into the water. They simply received a phone call to go down to the basement and open the drain valve.



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In another section, the helicopter carrying sand and Boron extinguished the fire in the crashed reactor as it flew directly through the reactor. This is also a slash. It is true that there was a helicopter crash at the Chernobyl plant, but it happened six months after the explosion occurred, and the helicopter fell because of the propeller hitting the chain of a nearby crane, there was nothing connected. concerned about radiation.

But most of all, perhaps Chernobyl's most misleading description is the way it describes the impact on people of radiation. Radiation once penetrated the human body is completely "spread" like a virus, as the film depicts. Once the Chernobyl soldiers' clothes were removed, and they were washed and cleaned many times, all radiation was left inside the body and harmed the body itself, not spread. transmit to the next person as an infectious disease.



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The fact that the victims of the Chernobyl disaster were laid on the bed, surrounded by plastic blinds not to protect other people and doctors to take care of them, but to protect these patients themselves. Acute Infection Syndrome (ARS) causes the cell to be completely destroyed, and because their immune system will almost no longer work, there must be a curtain layer to protect them from infecting germs. other infections.

The child in the wife of the Ignatenko's wife took several hours after being born. It was true, but the ill-fated girl lost because of radioactive contamination in her womb, not "absorbing radiation from her father when the parents sat side by side." This reason sounds very childish, unscientific and unbelievable, but also put into a movie to hit the viewers' emotions.

In addition, the doctors removed the protective gear of the firefighters who were hospitalized by the ARS, immediately their hands were burned with red radiation, but in real life, radiation did not work like that, unlike a substance. Single touch is the affected body immediately.



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Later studies have shown that children born near Chernobyl have almost no unusual problems of concern due to radioactivity. In the meantime, besides the victims present at Chernobyl the moment the Number 4 reactor exploded, there were up to 20,000 cases of thyroid cancer in children under 18 years of age within a few years of the disaster. happening. However, the United Nations announced in 2017, only about 5,000 cases of thyroid cancer are a direct result of radiation from Chernobyl.

At the end of episode 5, there is information that "rates of cancer in Ukraine and Belarus skyrocketed after the Chernobyl disaster." This is completely inaccurate. According to the World Health Organization, residents of these two countries are only exposed to "slightly higher than the daily natural radioactivity they suffer", and estimate only 0.6% of the total. Death from cancer is caused by Chernobyl radiation, the rest are for other reasons.



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In addition, the "Dead Bridge", where Prypyat residents stood looking at the fires at the Chernobyl power plant, was not real, or there was no evidence to prove that those standing there on the morning of April 26, 1986 were all dead Network is all. Chernobyl mistook the brothers, who would also die with ARS, but in fact about 80% of those affected by radiation into the ARS were saved.

The question is, Chernobyl got good grades thanks to fictional details?

Yes, Chernobyl himself described lies and tried to cover up the truth when dealing with the disaster, but he himself ate the point in the eyes of the viewer because of the fictional details he typed out here, So is it still true in narrative? I still think it's an excellent series, but in terms of history, it's not.

Chernobyl actually described the wrong nuclear and radioactive energy at a basic level. The movie Legasov said that radioactivity "is like a bullet", and compares reactor 4 with 3 trillion bullets in the atmosphere, water and food, and will not stop harming in within 50 thousand years. However, radiation completely does not function like that. If radiation goes on flying like bullets, no one will be exposed to radiation that survives. The knowledge of nuclear physics at high school about neutrons, alpha, beta particles and gamma radiation is discarded all in the film to give … simple and at the same time makes the radiation scary.



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Legasov also said this: "Chernobyl's reactor 4 is like an atom bomb, emitting nuclear radiation for hours, and will not stop until the whole continent dies." Chernobyl implanted in his head the fear of apocalypse, like all nuclear weapons and movies over the past 60 years, described. It, in my eyes, is a bit antisocial.

In fact, Chernobyl is the clearest evidence for two things. One, if done wrongly bureaucratically, the consequences will be incalculable. But at the same time, the disaster at the No.4 reactor also proved that atomic energy is one of the safest ways to produce electricity. Even the most terrible disaster in the nuclear history of mankind, besides the Fukushima disaster, only a small amount of radioactivity escaped and harmed the surrounding areas, and casualties were very low compared to disasters. hydroelectric or other thermoelectricity.



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Direct comparison with the disaster of Ban Kieu dam in China in 1975, 171 thousand people were killed. This figure at Chernobyl was 31 to 54 people with ARS, which was a direct result of exposure to radiation in the No. 4 reactor. Tens, hundreds of thousands of people died from the effects of the Chernobyl disaster. from inaccurate sources, and are not recognized by WHO.

Until now, nuclear power plants all over the world have caused a significant reduction in the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from thermal power plants due to the replacement of thermal power, and according to statistics, nuclear power has saved about 1.84 million lives from fossil-fuel-borne diseases, data published by scientists James Hansen and Pushker Kharecha at NASA's Goddard research lab.



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Instead of helping viewers understand the nature of science, why a dangerous thing like radioactive material can generate energy to serve human life every day, while reducing emissions harmful to the environment. , the British and American films hit the viewers' feelings and fears in a unscientific way.



P.W

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