Celiac Disease - Symptoms and Treatment

Celiac Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

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THE celiac disease is a disease characterized by the patient’s intolerance to gluten due to deficient intestinal absorption of gliadin, a protein found in several cereals. Celiac disease affects more women than men.

  • What is celiac disease

  • Who suffers from celiac disease

  • Symptoms of celiac disease

  • Skin symptoms of celiac disease

  • Diagnosis of celiac disease

  • Celiac disease diet

  • Allowed foods for celiac disease

  • Celiac disease can be cured

What is celiac disease

Gluten destroys the microvilli of the duodenum (inner lining of the walls of the small intestine). This structure is fundamental for the functioning of the organism for being responsible for food assimilation. In this way, there is a chronic inflammation of the intestine that reduces the absorption capacity of different types of nutrients.

Who suffers from celiac disease

It is estimated that 1% to 3% of the population have celiac disease. However, only 10% to 20% of patients receive a correct diagnosis of the disease. It affects people of all ages but children from six months to a year and young adults are the most vulnerable. In addition, almost 70% of cases affect women.

Symptoms of celiac disease

The most common symptoms of celiac disease are chronic diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, anemia, poor appetite, abdominal pain, mood swings, recurrent thrush and osteoporosis. In children, celiac disease can cause stunted growth.

Skin symptoms of celiac disease

Sometimes mistaken for celiac disease, these skin symptoms – symmetrical sores and blisters on the itchy shoulders, elbows and knees – are actually another disease also caused by gluten intolerance called herpetiform dermatitis.

Diagnosis of celiac disease

The diagnosis of celiac disease must be made in two parts. A blood test that shows the presence of specific antibodies produce the suspicion that the patient has gluten intolerance. For confirmation of the diagnosis, a endoscopy assesses the villi of the intestine to try to find changes in the lining.

Celiac disease diet

Adopt a gluten-free diet for life it is the only form of treatment for celiac disease. It is important to make it clear that any minimal amount of gluten ingested by the patient can have serious consequences and cause pain. Because of this, since 2003, all food sold in supermarkets in the country must bring information about the presence or absence of gluten in its composition. It is essential that patients with the disease always read the labels products carefully.

Allowed foods for celiac disease

The list of foods allowed for patients with celiac disease is vast in view of the fact that gluten is present only in certain cereals such as wheat, barley and rye. In this way, other cereals such as rice and corn and manioc and cornmeal flour. Lastly, meats, dairy products, fruits, vegetables are released.

Celiac disease can be cured

No, the celiac disease is chronic and treatment must be carried out for the rest of the patient’s life at risk of serious consequences. Celiac disease can kill.

Photo: © grafvision – Shutterstock.com

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