According to new research by Oxford Economics analyst, by 2030, robots can replace up to 20 million manufacturing jobs, nearly 10% of jobs in manufacturing industry worldwide.
While automation will help promote the entire economy, it is more likely to create greater inequality when unemployed workers will concentrate in certain industries and countries.
According to the report's estimate, on average each new industrial robot can eliminate about 1.6 workers in the manufacturing industry, with areas that require the least amount of skills to be severely affected.
Similarly, areas with more low-skilled workers are more likely to have weaker economies and higher unemployment rates, as well as more severely affected by job loss. into the robot hand.
These workers, after losing their jobs in the manufacturing sector, will move to new jobs in the transport, construction, maintenance, maintenance or office jobs – these will be further careers. under the influence of automation.
Increased use of robots in automation and other fields, from 2011 to 2016.
On average, each robot installed in areas with low skilled labor can lead to a job loss rate nearly twice that of areas with higher skilled workers in the same country.
The report by Oxford Economics said that the more repetitive jobs are, the more risk of being replaced or eliminated by robots.
Meanwhile, the report also said that jobs that require more passion, more creativity and social skills will continue to be implemented by people "in decades."
Countries with the most robot jobs from 2002 to 2016.
According to calculations by the report, about 1.7 million jobs have been lost due to robots since 2000 so far, including 400,000 workers in Europe, 260,000 workers in the US and about 550,000 workers in China.
The research firm also predicts that China will be the most capable of automation, with about 14 million industrial robots by 2030.
Bright spots of the future
Besides the pessimistic forecasts about the amount of jobs that can be lost, the report of Oxford Economics also has other notable perspectives. The report emphasizes increasing GDP and new work.
It is estimated that when the number of robots installed worldwide increases by 30%, it will help generate about $ 5,000 billion more for global GDP. In addition, at the global level, the number of new jobs created by robots will have the same speed as the jobs it takes.
Refer to Bloomberg, BBC