Bursitis: causes, symptoms and treatment

Bursitis: causes, symptoms and treatment


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THE bursitis it is an inflammation of the bursae, small pockets located between two musculoskeletal structures of the joints. The bursae are located on the shoulders, elbows, hands, hips, knees, ankles and feet. They contain synovial fluid and protect joints from external pressure. Usually benign, bursitis can get worse if the affected limb is not put to rest.

  • Definition of bursitis

  • Types of bursitis

  • Symptoms of bursitis

  • Causes of bursitis

  • Risk factors for bursitis

  • Treatment of bursitis

    • Most frequently

    • In severe cases

  • Bursitis has a cure

  • When to see the doctor

Definition of bursitis

Bursitis manifests itself through an inflammation of the pockets that act as a buffer between two tendons, between the skin and a tendon or between bone and tissue. Located at the level of the back, elbows, hands, hips, knees, collarbone or feet, these bags contain synovial fluid and protect joints from pressure.

Types of bursitis

There are several types of bursitis. The most common are at the elbow, back, feet, kneecap, torso, hips or knee.

Symptoms of bursitis

The characteristic symptoms of bursitis are severe pain that worsens without treatment and rest, inflammation, redness and difficulty moving the affected region.

Causes of bursitis

A bursitis can be caused by several factors, such as direct wound on the limb, unusual exercise in the joint, prolonged use of the joint, infection of an injury, arthritis and inadequate preparation for sports.

Risk factors for bursitis

People who have professional activities that require repetitive movement are the most exposed to the problem. Inadequate postures they can also cause bursitis. In addition, hereditary or metabolic factors influence the onset of the disease.

Treatment of bursitis

Most frequently

In milder cases of bursitis, treatment is done with ice application in the affected joint, rest and use of anti-inflammatories and analgesics.

In severe cases

In more severe cases, bursitis can be treated with puncture of synovial fluid and ablation of the bursa. If there is no infection of the affected region, corticosteroids can also be injected. On the other hand, the use of antibiotics is advised if the patient has an infection.

Bursitis has a cure

Bursitis has cure if the treatment is followed correctly. However, it is important to be aware of the cause of the problem, such as inappropriate postures or repetition of movements to prevent the problem from coming back.

When to see the doctor

It is recommended to consult the doctor in any case, especially when the pain and / or inflammation lasts for more than a week, when the discomfort is regular or in situations of violent pain.

Photo: © FineShine – Shuttertock.com

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