Sputnik reported on January 14 that the foreign ministers of Britain, France and Germany – parties to the Iran nuclear deal – said they had no choice but to act through the Dispute Settlement Mechanism. (DRM) of the Comprehensive Joint Action Agreement (JCPOA) to bring Iran back into full compliance with the agreements.
How has the European Union (EU) failed in its “most important diplomatic achievement”?
“In this way, E3 (Britain, France and Germany) wants to save face after the most important diplomatic achievements of European countries fail. JCPOA was shaken after Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement, as well as the EU’s inability to enforce it, “said Luciano Zaccara, Associate Professor of Gulf Studies at the University Bay Area Research Center. Qatar, said.
Mr. Zaccara has listed a number of reasons. First, it is clear from the start that the Trump Administration will do everything to weaken the JCPOA, including warning allies about “a trade and tariff war as he did with Europe.” Europe, China and Mexico ”.
Therefore, the EU has discouraged businesses and banks in their countries from implementing the JCPOA and embraced the INSTEX payment mechanism – the tool to successfully overcome the US unilateral sanctions on Iran. According to the researcher, this is the second cause.
Third, the EU consensus broke down after Boris Johnson became “the person in charge of British foreign policy decisions” and then assumed the post of British Prime Minister.
He concluded that Iran’s pressing by withdrawing from the commitments in the JCPOA was the fourth reason contributing to the reduced chance of surviving the 2015 nuclear deal.
Given the aforementioned series of reasons, he said that it would not be possible for Iran to enter another nuclear negotiation with the same former factors to reach an equivalent or more valuable agreement.
“The puncher, the scribe”
For his part, Dr. Hooshang Amirahmadi, founder and chairman of the US-Iran Council and a public policy researcher at Rutgers University mentioned the long-standing military, political and financial dependence. life of the EU to the US, making this alliance “deeply rooted” with the US market as well as attached to Washington’s foreign policy.
Dr. Amirahmadi judged that this dependence was the reason why they could not withstand the pressure from the US.
According to him, in the JCPOA negotiations, Europe played a “rubman” role while the US played a “punch” to make Iran agree with unfair deals. Besides, Europe has misunderstood Washington’s purpose regarding the Iran nuclear deal.
Mr. Hooshang Amirahmadi said: “Europe really thinks this is a real deal, while on the American side, this agreement is just a short-term commitment to make Iran destroy nuclear infrastructure. After the United States withdrew from the JCPOA, the only European role it could play was to hold Iran back, making it a unilateral agreement. ”
The professor believes that the US is enticing Europe to participate in a campaign to “weaken” the Iranian government with the ultimate goal of overthrowing.
In May 2019, the Islamic Republic signaled that it would stop complying with some commitments in the 2015 agreement, citing the reason that the United States unilaterally abandoned the agreement as well as Europe did not. able to fulfill its commitment.
Finally, on January 5, Tehran announced the fifth cut in the JCPOA by retracting the last important factor – the limit on the number of centrifuges of the country. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif wrote on Twitter: “This step is in JCPOA and all 5 steps can be reversed. Iran continues to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) ”.
However, in their joint statement on January 14, London, Paris and Berlin made it clear that they “disagree with the argument that Iran has the right to reduce compliance with JCPOA.” They emphasized their determination to work with all. The remaining parties to protect the agreement.
Earlier, in a speech to the people on January 8, President Trump called on countries to sign JCPOA to withdraw from the deal amid escalating tensions between Washington and Tehran.