Blemishes on the face: types and treatments

Blemishes on the face: types and treatments


#Blemishes #face #types #treatments

At spots that appear on the face may have different shades and shapes. Hyperpigmentation due to sun exposure and hormonal changes are the most frequent causes of skin blemishes.

  • Types of skin blemishes

  • White spots on the face

  • Acne spots on the face

  • Dark spots on the face

  • Stains on the face caused by the sun

  • Causes of spots on the face

  • Prevention of spots on the face

  • Cream to remove spots on the face

  • Ointment to remove spots on the face

  • Remedy to remove spots on the face

  • Remove blemishes from the face with hydrogen peroxide

Types of skin blemishes

Many women develop pigmental irregularities in the skin, especially from the age of 30, as a result of different problems. O lentigo is one of them. This condition is a series of skin aging spots or exposure to the sun. There is also the melasma, which are coffee-colored patches on the neck and nose due to hormonal imbalances. Other cases of skin blemishes are post-inflammatory pigmentation, which appears as a consequence of acne or burns, lunar scars, birthmarks and solar keratosis. Skin cancer is also marked by the appearance of spots on the face and other parts of the body.

White spots on the face

The call White cloth, scientifically called pityriasis versicolor, causes the appearance of white spots on the patient’s face. This condition is treated by a dermatologist.

Acne spots on the face

As its name implies, the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation appears after an injury or skin inflammation. Despite having other causes, the main one is the presence of acne on the face. In general, the area of ​​the skin where the acne appeared is darker or of another color after disappearing.

Dark spots on the face

Melasma affects 90% of pregnant women, especially black women. Skin spots are the result of hormonal changes typical of pregnancy or the use of contraceptives. Melasma appears in the form of large, irregular dark areas on the face and arms. The condition can also arise from overexposure and without protection from the sun during pregnancy.

Stains on the face caused by the sun

The first damages of exposure to the sun appear between 25 and 30 years in the form of dark spots on the upper lip, forehead and high cheeks. Hyperpigmentation by the sun also appears on the hands and other parts of the body exposed to ultraviolet rays. The condition is due to an excessive production of melanin, a pigment that gives the skin, hair and eyes a natural color.

Causes of spots on the face

As seen, there are several causes for the appearance of blemishes on the face. Among them are those already mentioned sun exposure, skin inflammation, skin aging and hormonal imbalances. In addition, there are other factors such as genetics, disturbances in melanin production or irregular pigment distribution, tattoos, use of chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and anticonvulsants, autoimmune diseases, gastrointestinal disorders and vitamin deficiency.

Prevention of spots on the face

To prevent dark spots from appearing on the face, the ideal is to protect the skin from ultraviolet rays with the use of daily sunscreen, before leaving home. If there is intense exposure to the sun – on the beach or in the pool – the filter must be reinforced every two hours, at least.

Cream to remove spots on the face

One of the most traditionally used creams to remove blemishes from the face are those hydroxyquin compounds. However, this depigmentant proved to be quite aggressive to the body and, because of that, its use is no longer recommended by most dermatologists. If used, the hydroquinone cream should have a very low concentration of the substance.

Ointment to remove spots on the face

O kojic acid, derived from vitamin C and retinoic acid, has long been prescribed as a way to combat blemishes on the face. This acid has a depigmenting action.

Remedy to remove spots on the face

Another substance widely used as a therapy for blemishes on the face is B-resorcinol, which reduces the production of melanin and thereby combats hyperpigmentation. The product is also sold in the form of creams. In general, the results appear in the first four weeks.

Remove blemishes from the face with hydrogen peroxide

The hydrogen peroxide 10 volumes can be used as a home treatment against blemishes on the face. The product must be passed through the face with cotton before sleeping. Repeat the procedure for a few days that the results will already appear. Take care to avoid hydrogen peroxide getting in your eyes.

Photo: © Valua Vitaly – Shutterstock.com

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