Arterial hypertension: ideal values

Arterial hypertension: ideal values


#Arterial #hypertension #ideal #values

Arterial hypertension refers to the chronic increase in blood pressure. Most people with high blood pressure are unaware of the condition, as the disease progresses gradually over years. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in the world and, in many countries, it is the main cause of mortality.

  • Blood pressure

  • Arterial hypertension values

  • Systolic blood pressure

  • Diastolic blood pressure

  • Normal blood pressure

  • Low blood pressure

  • High blood pressure

  • Difference between men and women

  • Causes of hypertension

Blood pressure

Blood pressure is the blood pressure, pumped by the heart, against the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is the force that allows blood to circulate through the vessels. In case of hypertension, blood pressure is very high and the heart ends up making more effort to pump blood.

Arterial hypertension values

In arterial hypertension, blood pressure values ​​are abnormally high. Blood pressure breaks down into two values: blood pressure systolic (the maximum) and blood pressure diastolic (the minimum). Thus, blood pressure is expressed in values ​​indicated in millimeters of mercury.

Systolic blood pressure

Systolic blood pressure, the highest, is the value of blood pressure during cardiac systole, that is, at the moment of ventricular contraction to pump blood. The upper number of a blood pressure measurement corresponds to the systolic blood pressure. For example, for a 12 by 8 pressure, the systolic pressure is equal to the value 12.

Diastolic blood pressure

Diastolic blood pressure, the lowest, is the blood pressure value during cardiac diastole, that is, at the moment of ventricular relaxation. It is the pressure carried out between two contractions, when the heart relaxes and becomes full of blood. For a measurement of blood pressure 12 by 8, we have that the systolic pressure is equal to the value 8.

Normal blood pressure

Blood pressure is normal when its value is less than 14 by 9 or, in technical terms, 140 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) per 90 mmHg.

Low blood pressure

A reduction in blood pressure to values below 90 mmHg of maximum characterizes a picture of hypotension.

High blood pressure

Systolic blood pressure should not exceed 15 and diastolic pressure, 9. Hypertension is defined when the values ​​are greater than 15 by 9.

Difference between men and women

Blood pressure is usually higher in men than in women, especially menopausal women. It tends to increase with age, due to the elasticity of the arteries. About 70% of hypertensive patients are over 60 years old, while less than 20% of patients are under 20 years old.

Causes of hypertension

Blood pressure increases by stressful situations, to then decrease when the person calms down. In cases of pregnancy, blood pressure decreases and then reestablishes with the birth of the child. Its values ​​also decrease in resting situations, while a lot of noise can increase it. The consumption of sugar or drinks that contain it can raise blood pressure.

Overweight and obesity are also important risk factors, as well as an salt-rich food. Physical activity or sports can increase your heart rate, also increasing your blood pressure. During sleep, the tension decreases, while the hypertension of the white coat corresponds to an increase in the pressure generated by the stress of a medical consultation.

Photo: © David Orcea – Shutterstock.com

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