With the coming of the Spring Festival holiday, ARTC, a consortium legal person vehicle research and testing center, urges all drivers to pay more attention to driving safety during travel and returning home, and don’t let temporary grabbing or carelessness, which will sweep the excitement or even happen when traveling in the New Year. Danger.
The most important festival of the Chinese people-the Lunar New Year, will start in mid-February. It will last for 7 days. Many families will spend it in the furnace reunion, Spring Festival visits, and family outings. On the one hand, they celebrate the festive atmosphere. Rich, but on the other hand, it also ushered in the unavoidable peak period of traffic congestion. In fact, according to the statistics of the Expressway Bureau, the average number of accidents per day and the rate of accidents during the Spring Festival in the past years are higher than usual. Therefore, the “defensive driving” coach Zhong Guoliang of the vehicle center specially reminds drivers that in the case of heavy traffic Be sure to pay special attention to the following: (1) Keep a safe distance, (2) Pay attention to the state in front of the vehicle, and (3) Do not change lanes arbitrarily. If you are eager for a while, accidents will often happen in the next moment, ruining the New Year and the interest of traveling is small. If it causes casualties, it will not pay off.
In addition, during the Spring Festival, it also coincides with the winter vacation for students and the end of university exams. The chances of teenagers traveling together on bicycles increase greatly. “Excessive speed and unfamiliar road conditions are the common causes of motorcycle accidents during holidays.” Zhong Guoliang explained that a group of young people are easily affected by the emotional infection of excitement traveling, and it is easy to reduce their awareness of surrounding dangers and inadvertently. Making dangerous or wrong riding styles, such as parallel frolicking, speeding, racing, snakes, etc.; coupled with being unfamiliar with the environment or ignoring potential risk factors, will affect the original cognition, judgment, and even reaction. If the speed of the vehicle is too fast at this time, once a sudden situation occurs, the response will not be timely, and the damage will be more serious.
In this regard, Zhong Guoliang reminds the locomotive family to establish the attitude of “safe driving” and “defensive driving” at the same time. In addition to the “safe driving” that obeys traffic rules, it is also recommended to have two self-insurance. Concept of defensive driving:
- Always turn on the headlights: refers to the locomotive headlights are always on, or use locomotives with day (day) running lights. Many people think that turning on the headlights only has the function of lighting. In fact, in traffic, “you see me, I see you” is the most basic safety rule (many accidents stem from “not seeing each other”). Therefore, the purpose of always turning on the headlights of a locomotive is to “make it easier for others to find the position of the locomotive, and less likely to misjudge its speed.” In addition, turning on the headlights of a motorcycle frequently can also be the key to avoiding accidents in other situations. For example, the bright spots of the lights are more obvious through the rearview mirror reflector of another car or the convex mirror of the curve, which helps to highlight the position of our car. Reduce the chance of accidents. Therefore, it is recommended that the rider turn on the headlights synchronously after the locomotive starts, which is an important first step. (Regulations have stipulated that daytime running lights are mandatory for new locomotives launched in 106)
- Pre-brake: refers to releasing the accelerator and operating the brake lever (pedal) until the car has a slight braking force. Generally speaking, it takes about 1 second for a car/motorcycle driver to detect the situation, release the accelerator, and operate the brakes until the car has sufficient braking force (varies from person to vehicle), and pre-braking can be done first Part of the action; compared to the throttle is not released or the throttle is only released and the brake is not operated, there is an extra time difference. When an emergency occurs, this short time difference may play a key role. If the time difference is calculated as 0.5 seconds, assuming a locomotive speed of 50km/h (equivalent to 14 meters per second), it means that the locomotive will probably stop 7 meters earlier because of the pre-brake, which becomes a way to avoid collisions. A distance; if the crash still occurs unfortunately, the damage caused by the crash will be greatly reduced because the locomotive has already decelerated earlier. In addition, according to the results of foreign research, for a pedestrian or rider without shell protection, the fatality rate of collision at 30km/h and 50km/h is about 10% and 80%, respectively. This shows the importance of speed control, and “pre-braking” is an important defensive rule for locomotives when passing intersections!
At the beginning of the New Year of 2021, the Vehicle Center specially reminded the public of the above defensive driving skills, and specially produced a small icon “Defense Driving Strategy for Locomotives”. Welcome to repost/share it to dear relatives and friends of the locomotive family around you. Go out happily and go home safely!