Adenocarcinoma - What it is

Adenocarcinoma – What it is


a adenocarcinoma, unlike adenoma, it is a malignant tumor that develops in the cells of the glandular mucous membranes (stomach, colon, bronchi, etc.) or gland (prostate, ovary, sinus, thyroid, etc.). It may go unnoticed at first, as it does not show signs until it is in an advanced stage. An early diagnosis, with little invasive treatment, offers good chances of full recovery.

  • Symptoms of adenocarcinoma

  • Diagnosis of adenocarcinoma

  • Classification of adenocarcinoma

  • Treatment of adenocarcinoma

  • Prevention of adenocarcinoma

Symptoms of adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinoma can cause different manifestations, depending on its location and the stage of the problem. Some indications are weight loss inexplicable and rapid, loss of appetite, presence of ganglia and feeling of weakness.

Diagnosis of adenocarcinoma

Some adenocarcinomas may have, in their onset stage, the appearance of a simple adenoma. In this case, to confirm the diagnosis, the health professional prescribes one or more tests, such as blood test, biopsy, removal of organic cells, endoscopy, ultrasound, mammography and magnetic resonance.

Classification of adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinomas are differentiated according to tumor malignancy and its stage of evolution. Therefore, they include the T classifications, which go from Tx to T4 classifying the tumor according to size; N, which goes from Nx to N3 referring to lymph node metastasis; and M, which goes from Mx to M1, which indicates metastasis in other organs. These classifications allow the specialist to put into practice a medical protocol and monitor the evolution of the disease.

Treatment of adenocarcinoma

The treatment of adenocarcinomas can be done with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Substituting chemotherapy, we can use hormone therapy, which consists of hormone administration. The chances of remission, that is, cure, are greater, but in different proportions according to the type of cancer and its stage of development.

Prevention of adenocarcinoma

A good lifestyle (not using drugs, tobacco, alcohol in excess) and a balanced, varied and not excessive diet, in addition to access to prevention campaigns are factors that allow to limit the risks of developing cancer. Regular medical follow-up is strongly advised, especially in cases of a family history of adenocarcinomas.

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