Acute gastritis: causes and symptoms

Acute gastritis: causes and symptoms


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In general, gastritis is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach, but it can be divided into two categories: acute gastritis and chronic gastritis.

  • What is acute gastritis

  • Symptoms of acute gastritis

  • Causes of acute gastritis

  • Diagnosis of acute gastritis

  • Treatment of acute gastritis

  • How to prevent acute gastritis

  • Acute erosive gastritis

What is acute gastritis

Acute gastritis is a advanced stage gastritis. If not treated properly, acute gastritis can develop into an ulcer and subsequently cause stomach cancer.

Symptoms of acute gastritis

As the stomach walls are injured with wounds, acute gastritis usually manifests itself through very strong pains. Patients may also experience nausea, burning, swelling, constant burping, vomiting and decreased appetite.

Causes of acute gastritis

There are a number of possible causes of acute gastritis, ranging from cigarette and beverage consumption to bacterial infection Helicobacter pylori, as well as viruses or fungi. long treatments with strong medications, bile reflux, poor diet or stress.

Diagnosis of acute gastritis

Acute gastritis is diagnosed by means of a endoscopy, which, through a flexible tube with a microcamera at the end, captures images of the internal part of the stomach.

Treatment of acute gastritis

Treatment for acute gastritis should be prescribed by a specialist, however, most of the actions to be taken are related to the adoption of healthy eating habits and combating addictions, in addition to cutting coffee, alcoholic beverages, chocolate and fatty foods.

How to prevent acute gastritis

In addition to adopting healthier lifestyle and eating habits, gastritis can be avoided with combating addictions, mainly smoking.

Acute erosive gastritis

Erosive gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach ignites and starts to wear out. Erosive gastritis can appear suddenly (acute) or develop over time (chronic).

Photo: © Melodia plus photos – Shutterstock.com

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