Considered the pinnacle of European art and culture – the Renaissance played an important role in bringing Europe out of the “Dark Age” and into a promising new page. Beginning in the 14th century and ending in the 17th century, this “Golden Age” swept across many continents, culminating in two of the most distinctive art movements: the Italian Renaissance and the Northern Renaissance.
Beginning in 1400, the Italian Renaissance awakened an Italian interest in classical style. Although this movement influenced and inspired the Northern Renaissance, many artists living north of the Alps – particularly in Flanders and the Netherlands – also pursued humanism and themes. this in the 14th century.
Although there are many artists who shaped the style in both the Italian and Northern Renaissance, today only a handful of them are chosen to commend for their contributions to the “Golden Age”. of Europe.
Today, iDesign will learn about the outstanding artists as well as see their most famous masterpieces!
A. Northern Renaissance Artist
1. Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Today, painter and printer Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525-1569) is considered the master of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance art. With a penchant for drawing low-class life scenes – and of course, it is impossible not to mention his works of life Netherlandish Proverbs – He is appreciated for his unique approach to the subject. In addition, his paintings are very special in detail with beautiful backgrounds (like glacial peaks in The Hunters in the Snow ), this work also has a profound effect on modern landscape paintings.
2. Jan van Eyck
Artist working in Bruges (Belgium) – Jan van Eyck (c. 1390-1441) was an early Dutch painter and a key figure of the Northern Renaissance. Although there are only 20 paintings, his works are among the most famous in the Netherlands.
Like other Dutch artists, van Eyck has a very detailed view of naturalism, which is clearly shown in oil paintings like The Arnolfini Portrait good Lucca Madonna.
In addition to the works on the canvas, van Eyck also famous for its work Ghent Altarpiece mine. As a piece of wood with many panels, Ghent Altarpiece features unique scenes drawn from the Old and New Testaments. The masterpiece was housed in the Church of St. Bavo’s, a Gothic cathedral in Ghent, from 1432.
3. Hieronymus Bosch
Dutch editor, painter, and master of trilogy – Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450-1516) is known for various narrative and iconic paintings. The works are elaborated with many intricate details, the most famous of which include: The Garden of Earthly Delights, he Last Judgment, and The Temptation of Saint Anthony, Each work is he incorporated a variety of surreal creatures in the themes of the Bible.
B. Italian Renaissance Artist
Renowned for its meticulous detail and knowledge of human anatomy, Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni Honored as one of the best sculptors in history. Throughout his life, the Florence artist created a number of marble masterpieces admired by many for their lifelike vitality. Famous works include statues David put in Galleria dell’Accademia of Florence, monuments Pieta at the Vatican and series Dying Slaves is located in the Louvre.
In addition to sculpture, Michelangelo also good at architecture, poetry and painting. He is often associated with frescoes on the Sistine chapel ceiling and the mural on the wall The Last JudgmentThey are all considered masterpieces for centuries.
2. Leonardo da Vinci
Often referred to as “people of the Renaissance”, Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (1452-1519) a scholarly figure in countless fields from engineering, invention and science to drawing, painting, and architecture.
Among his many famous works, there are mysterious oil paintings Mona Lisa drawing of a woman sitting with a slight smile – arguably his most famous work of art.
Like many other artists of his time, he also painted paintings that depicted religion, such as paintings The Virgin and Child with St. Anne (recently restored), as does self-portrait, titled Portrait of a Man in Red Chalk.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, good Raphael (1482-1520), today considered the master of form and composition. Although he died at the age of 37, the Italian architect and painter left behind a number of monumental works. He is mainly known for paintings of Madonna, such as painting Madonna in the Grass; as well as other religious paintings such as works Transfiguration full of his impressions.
Like Michelangelo, his contemporary, Raphael also painted frescoes for the Vatican. The School of Athens is the most famous mural featuring the great Greek figures with brilliant intelligence such as Aristotle, Plato, and Ptolemy. Raphael in addition to painting, he also studied poetry, theology, and law.
4. Sandro Botticelli
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (1445-1510), is called Sando Botticelli, is an Italian Renaissance painter. In addition to focusing on small, secular portraits and religious depictions, he also painted large-scale scenes of Greek mythology. Although these works are considered obvious examples of Renaissance painting today, at the time they were created they were novel due to their size and allegorical theme.
These iconic paintings include The Birth of Venus, Primavera (both are located in Florence’s Uffizi gallery), and Venus and Mars.
Editor: Thao Lee
According to: mymodernmet
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