36氪 Interview | Chen Jinpei, CEO of Qianxun Location: From Huawei mobile phones to student schoolbags, "space-time intelligence" has become an infrastructure

36氪 Interview | Chen Jinpei, CEO of Qianxun Location: From Huawei mobile phones to student schoolbags, “space-time intelligence” has become an infrastructure

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“Wave after wave of digitization not only benefited from the two major infrastructures of the Internet and computing network, but also inseparable from the space-time network, an important new digital infrastructure infrastructure.” At the end of June, at the main forum of the 2021 Global Smart Mobility Conference Feng Shaojun, Chief Scientist of Qianxun Position, mentioned in his speech.

What is “Time Space Network”? Feng Shaojun took the Zhengzhou autonomous driving bus as an example: Qianxun Location provided the Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Line 1 with centimeter-level high-precision positioning and perception capabilities, as well as the high-precision map in the on-board navigation module, and the automated driving bus was able to achieve precise parking at the station. , At the same time, you can accurately estimate the time to reach the intersection based on your real-time precise location and driving speed. After the traffic lights get this information, you can adjust the time of the signal lights in seconds to allow buses to pass through.

The “high-precision positioning and perception” here is one of the capabilities of Qianxun’s “space-time network”.

The reason why it is called the “space-time network”, Qianxun Position hopes to give the machine nanosecond-level timing (time) and centimeter/mm-level positioning (space) perception. In short, it is to make the machine in the shortest time through a series of technical means. Be located and sensed in a smaller space of time.

For many users, the cognition of domestic satellite navigation comes from the “Beidou Satellite.”

In July 2020, the Beidou-3 global satellite navigation system was officially opened, marking that my country has achieved 100% localization of satellite navigation systems. It has already played a huge role in agriculture and fishery, transportation, and disaster prevention and mitigation.

In fact, in addition to the satellites in the sky, the Beidou system also includes the ground-based infrastructure “ground-based augmentation system” to receive signals from the satellites.

This is where Chihiro’s location comes in. Traditional GPS has a positioning accuracy of 5-10 meters. The accuracy is easily affected by errors in the atmosphere ionosphere, satellite clock, and ephemeris. In order to improve the accuracy and range of satellite positioning, Chihiro’s location Thousands of ground-based augmentation stations have been established, and a large-scale satellite ground-based augmentation system has been built for the first time in the world. It has opened up space-time intelligence from Beidou high-precision services, positioning technology, to mobile terminals, and mobile applications. Industry full link.

If Beidou satellites provide a larger range of satellite positioning, what Qianxun Position has done is to “refine and enrich the Beidou satellite navigation and positioning capabilities” to form more commercial products.

For example, the capabilities provided by Beidou are like natural mountain spring water. Chihiro is located like a drinking water company. After multiple processes, the original mountain spring water is transformed into mineral water, distilled water, etc. product.

The application of spatio-temporal intelligence has penetrated into thousands of industries.

In September last year, the world’s first high-precision positioning schoolbag “Qianxiaoding” equipped with the space-time intelligent service of Qianxun’s location was officially mass-produced and went on sale. “Qianxiaoding” Qianxun Rubik’s Cube high-precision positioning module can achieve sub-meter positioning in 3 seconds. As long as the child wears the “Qianxiaoding” schoolbag, parents can download and install the “Qianxiaoding” APP in their hands to remotely view the child’s precise location, the error is less than 1 meter in an open environment.

At the end of 2020, Qianxun Location cooperated with Huawei and AutoNavi Maps to launch a sub-meter lane-level navigation mobile phone for the first time in the world. “Sub-meter level” means that the recognition accuracy below the meter can be achieved, and “lane level navigation” means that it can identify which lane the car is on the road when driving, which helps map navigation to make more accurate guidance for users. .

Chihiro Location was established in August 2015. The company is based on the basic positioning data of the Chinese Beidou satellite system (compatible with the US GPS, Russian GLONASS, and EU Galileo), using ground-based augmentation stations around the world, self-developed positioning algorithms, and large-scale Internet services The platform provides users with space-time intelligent services of centimeter-level positioning, millimeter-level perception, and nanosecond-level timing.

1. From questioning to landing

Like most pioneers who tried to use innovative technologies to solve problems, when they first entered the market, Chen Jinpei, CEO of Qianxun Position, was also questioned.

“For example, we have released a city to deploy a spatio-temporal intelligent operating system that can manage urban data through spatio-temporal capabilities, but before doing so, many people will wonder if this system is really needed?” Chen Jinpei said to 36 krypton.

To provide mobile phones, automobiles, and drones with higher-precision positioning services than existing satellite navigation. What Qianxun Location has to do is hardly benchmarked in the market, and it has to undergo a long infrastructure accumulation (for example, it needs to be on a nationwide scale). Build foundation reinforcement station within).

Finding the right application scenario is not easy. Chen Jinpei used electricity as an infrastructure as an example: “When Edison invented electricity, he did not expect that there would be a refrigerator in the future.”

Sorting out needs has become the first step in landing. Yu Jiejin, Marketing Director of Chihiro Position, remembers that when the team initially promoted Chihiro Position’s smart city plan, it was to discuss pain points with local government leaders. These pain points are often extremely realistic needs.

“For example, if there are no people or cars on the road at night, can the traffic light rules be more flexible; the daily number of visitors to parks and scenic spots? If this information is manually counted, it may take half a month. Can it be solved by digital means? .” Yu Jiejin said to 36 Krypton.

Qianxun’s location in Deqing, Zhejiang Province landed the “online pan-dang car” case. In 2019, the Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Bureau of Deqing County began to remove buckets from 18 roads in the urban area, and implemented roving classified disposal and collection of household garbage generated by merchants along the street. But in the past, merchants didn’t know when the “dangdang truck” that collected and transported sorted garbage would arrive at their door. “Many people reported that sometimes they ran out with their garbage but couldn’t catch up with the “dangdang truck”. “Said Yao Shuozhou, chief engineer of the Development Management Bureau of Deqing County Big Data Bureau.

Where the Dangdang car is, I can see clearly through the mobile phone software.Image source: Chihiro Location

After the plan is in place, open the WeChat applet in Deqing, Zhejiang, search for “My Deqing”-“Online Dangdang Truck”, the number and location of the surrounding garbage collection vehicles, the color of each collection vehicle and the corresponding collection and transportation category It’s all clear at a glance. According to Yao Shuozhou, relying on the Beidou foundation enhancement system “One nationwide network”, now all 43 garbage collection and transportation vehicles have been installed with high-precision positioning terminals, which has realized the “smart supervision” of garbage collection and transportation operations, which is convenient for merchants. Our classified placement has also improved the accuracy of placement.

Let users truly feel the application effect of “space-time intelligence”, which is also the key to its promotion as a new technology.

Take the lane-level navigation application on Huawei’s mobile phone as an example. As the requirements for lane change on roads in big cities are getting higher and higher, lane-level navigation can effectively remind drivers of lane regulations. “We met a taxi driver in Shenzhen. Because of the lane-level navigation of Huawei mobile phones, he could save 400 yuan by paying two tickets a month.” Yu Jiejin said.

Based on “temporal and spatial intelligence”, Qianxun Location has incubated a number of new AIoT species and large-scale new applications. Companies such as Huawei, Honor, Xiaomi, DJI, Harbin Travel, SAIC, FAW, GAC, Xiaopeng, SAIC GM, Huaren Express, AutoNavi Maps, China Southern Power Grid, and State Grid have all used spatio-temporal smart services.

2. The eve before the outbreak of “temporal intelligence”

From being questioned to large-scale landing, the situation of Qianxun’s position has been very different now.

In terms of positioning, location-finding has been upgraded from the previous “precise location service platform” to “space-time intelligent infrastructure”. Chen Jinpei also said that the previous application scenarios of satellite positioning were relatively simple, “mostly mobile phone navigation”. The reason is that in the first 20 years of industrial development, many basic technologies (such as cloud computing and machine learning) that need to be integrated were still blank. Once the underlying technology is ready, “spatio-temporal intelligence” will usher in an explosion.

In July 2020, the Beidou-3 global satellite navigation system was officially opened, which became a major turning point for the domestic satellite navigation industry and was called “the first year of the Beidou outbreak” by the industry. After the completion of the construction of the foundation base, Chen Jinpei clearly felt that the willingness of various industries to integrate the Beidou system has increased significantly.

The maturity of this kind of industry landing can also be seen from the performance of Qianxun’s position in the capital market.

In October 2019, Qianxun Position announced the completion of a 1 billion yuan A round of financing, with a company valuation of more than 13 billion yuan. This round of financing was funded by Shanghai International Group Asset Management Co., Ltd., ICBC Financial Assets Investment Co., Ltd., and China State-owned Capital. Venture capital funds led the investment, followed by Shanghai Guohe Investment, Yonghui Fund, Jinpu Pengyuan Fund, and Kunying Capital.

“The financing at the end of 2019 is more about the recognition of the industry’s vision; the financing in this industry now can see good returns from the industry.” Chen Jinpei said to 36 Krypton.

In order to meet the node of the industrial explosion, Chihiro Position announced the “Iceberg Atlas of Chihiro Position Technology System” for the first time at the end of May, showing the base of Chihiro Position Technology System, including 1 foundation, 2 engines, 3 core capabilities, 1 Operating systems, including:

“1 Source”-Beidou Satellite Navigation System: At the bottom of the “Iceberg Model” of Qianxun’s location is the Beidou satellite navigation system, which is the source of Chihiro’s location’s spatiotemporal intelligence.

“2 engines”-a national network of ground-based augmentation system + Feitian cloud platform: Based on the Beidou satellite navigation system, Qianxun will construct and operate a network of Beidou ground-based augmentation system to calculate satellite positioning errors in real time, and introduce Feitian cloud platform The distributed cloud computing architecture of the company provides driving forces through these two “engines” to realize the enhancement of Beidou satellite navigation services and lay the foundation for high-precision positioning services.

Image source: Chihiro Location

“Three Core Capabilities”-Qianxun Position has built three core capabilities of broadcasting platform, terminal and map. On the broadcasting platform, Qianxun Position has established a two-way satellite and Internet broadcasting platform, which provides high-precision positioning services to global users through both satellite and Internet methods to achieve high coverage and high availability.

In terms of terminals, Qianxun Location has created a new industry of spatio-temporal intelligence. Together with its ecosystem partners, it has created a series of hardware terminals (chips, modules, boards) for receiving spatio-temporal intelligence services, which are installed in smart cars, mobile phones, etc. On the device.

In terms of maps, Qianxun Location has also accumulated tools and solutions for customers to efficiently produce high-precision maps. Through the combination service of high-precision positioning + high-precision map, smart terminals can operate accurately under the guidance of spatio-temporal smart services.

“1 Operating System”-Space-Time Intelligent Operating System Space-time Intelligent Operating System refers to the integration of all software and hardware resources of Qianxun Location, the first operating system that supports city-level large-scale space-time perception, computing and collaboration. Based on this complete operating system, Qianxun Position can provide customers with spatio-temporal intelligent products and package solutions on a wide-area, unified time-space benchmark.

“The tip of the iceberg” is often described as a huge thing showing only a small part. The spatio-temporal intelligent infrastructure of Qianxun Location is also like an iceberg. Most of the accumulation comes from the invisible part “under the water”, while for Qianxun Location, most of its customers only noticed “surfacing”. It’s easy to ignore the technological advantages accumulated under the water surface with its spatio-temporal smart products and solutions.

On the other hand, with the popularity of spatio-temporal intelligence in the industry, Qianxun also hopes to seize the mind in the market as soon as possible.

“As the industry gets hotter and hotter, there will be many people from customers saying that I can do this too. We have to tell customers what is different from Chihiro. Then we can use this iceberg map to tell customers more low-level things and help. Customers make decisions.” Chen Jinpei said.

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