2018 is Intel's 50th anniversary, but it is a time to challenge the company's capabilities in the face of corporate core issues. This is the year Intel lost its experienced CEO, struggling to solve the Meltdown and Specter vulnerabilities, as well as losing the trust of Apple partners, both in developing 5G modems as well as processors for Mac in the future.
Above all, the world is witnessing Intel's chip technology as "hitting the wall" as it continues to fail to shrink its chip process to 10nm.
But today, after years of delays, the company finally officially released its 10nm CPUs to the world (10nm Cannon Lake chips launched in mid-last year, but only limited to NUC computers). Intel). The company said the Intel Core Gen 10 processorth It is codenamed "Ice Lake", and also revealed what these new CPUs will bring when they start shipping to laptop manufacturers from June.
Appears first on light-weight laptops and tablets
Previously, when introducing new generations of processors, Intel often said each level of energy consumption of each chip, depending on its power. Like desktop gaming chips with TDP (maximum heat capacity) reach 95W or Y series CPUs with TDP of only 5W or 7W for ultra-thin, fanless or hybrid tablets.
But this time Intel did not talk about those things. Ice Lake will start with TDP 9W, 15W and 28W processors with configurations up to 4 cores, 8 threads and turbo speeds up to 4.1 GHz, equivalent to Apple's 13-inch MacBook Pro chip.
Intel said the Ice Lake chips will have about 30 different designs hitting the market this holiday season, including the Dell XPS 13 2-in-1 refreshed below.
Dell XPS 13 2-in-1 with CPU Ice Lake.
How faster speed
Ice Lake CPUs will be faster, certainly – but Intel's promise to improve performance may not make many people feel too impressed about it.
In terms of CPU clock, thanks to the new core with Sunnycove microarchitecture, Intel said the performance of Ice Lake will be 18% faster than the company's nearly 4-year-old Skylake architecture. However, Intel also emphasized that this increase will be higher on some applications, with the peak reaching 30% or 40% for some workloads.
18% improvement in IPC (Instructions per cycle) compared to Skylake.
The performance gap between Whiskey Lake Gen 8th and Ice Lake Gen 10th is not too big.
The most impressive improvement of Ice Lake is about graphics power, when Intel said its performance nearly doubled compared to the previous 15W processor. This improvement comes from integrating the company's Gen11 graphics engine with computing power of up to 1.12 Teraflops on FP32 kernels. However, the chart below shows that it is still hard to bring a smooth 1080p gaming experience to more than 60fps on games like World of Tanks or Fortnite.
Intel's integrated graphics chip has not yet reached 60fps when playing some 1080p games.
Anyway, don't forget that this is only a processor with TDP of 15W and an integrated graphics chip running on a thin and light laptop, but it can still handle the previous work that requires a thicker laptop with a set of handling TDP 28W. Perhaps it is not yet time for you to completely remove discrete graphics from your computer.
Besides graphics, Intel also promises strong improvements in other specific tasks, such as HEVC encode capability twice as fast, resulting in higher video quality with smaller file sizes, or "performance." AI capability is 2.5x faster for machine learning tasks such as image recognition. (For example, to search for certain types of images in Microsoft Photos library faster).
But all of these capabilities will only be maximized if you choose the Ice Lake processor that comes with the Iris Plus graphics chip – but Intel has not yet said the processor name will be equipped with a graphics chip. this as well as its configuration parameters.
Support more external displays
Even though the Gen 11 graphics chip is not a gaming monster yet, it can also help you connect up to 3 external screens at 4K 120Hz at the same time, or two 60Hz 5K monitors, or an 8K 30Hz screen.
Ice Lake also saw for the first time that Intel also supports VESA Adaptive Sync, a technology that synchronizes the refresh rate of the screen with a compatible graphics chip, to reduce motion blur and image shattering. Therefore, players will get smoother game experience even when playing at high frame rates.
The most attractive additional features
In fact, the most interesting part of Ice Lake lies in the additional features included in the new processors. Wi-Fi 6 technology is integrated on Ice Lake with Intel's solution called Intel Wi-Fi 6 Gig +, supporting up to 160 MHz channels, twice the standard Wi-Fi 6 standard. Also another change is that Wi-Fi 6 will reduce noise to give you the best connection possible, depending on your network.
The integration of Thunderbolt 3 on Ice Lake has also been redesigned to allow computer manufacturers to place Thunderbolt ports on both sides of the laptop. In addition, the simplified design of the Thunderbolt port also reduces power consumption by about 300 mW per port when ports are in use.
In addition, Intel also contributed Thunderbolt 3 technology for USB 4 development, which means it basically will not cause future compatibility issues when the new USB standard is released.
Refer to The Verge